NATO’s intervention in Kosovo in 1999 highlighted the contentious debate over “humanitarian intervention” in the field of international relations. Under the direction of JCIE Senior Fellow Koji Watanabe, a team of researchers examined the growing debate in Asia over the appropriate use of force, the conditions under which intervention merits international sanction, and the limits of national sovereignty. 

The research team first gathered for a workshop on February 13, 2001, in Cebu, the Philippines. Discussions at the workshop dealt with issues such as the question of whether there are distinct Asian perspectives on sovereignty and intervention and the future course of the debate on humanitarian intervention. A preliminary report was presented at the Fifth Global ThinkNet Conference in Tokyo in November 2001.

The findings of the study were published in 2003 as Humanitarian Intervention: The Evolving Asian Debate.


KOJI WATANABE, Japan Center for International Exchange [Project Director]

QUINGGUO JIA, School of International Studies, Peking University, China

KIM SUNG-HAN, Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Korea

KOJI MURATA, Department of Politics, Doshisha University, Japan

JASJIT SINGH, Institute of Defence Studies and Analysis, India

RIZAL SUKMA, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Indonesia

SIMON TAY, Singapore Institute of International Affairs, Singapore