The Role of Philanthropy in Postwar US-Japan Relations | International House Workshop

November 19, 2002

The Role of Philanthropy in Postwar US-Japan Relations project convened a second workshop on November 19, 2002, at the International House in Tokyo, Japan. Forty participants gathered at the daylong meeting to discuss the experiences of Japanese grantees in their dealings with American foundations as well as the role of US philanthropy in helping rebuild intellectual ties between Japan and the United States.

Opening Session

Session I: Report on the Project Outline and General Progress

Presentation: Tadashi Yamamoto, President, Japan Center for International Exchange

Session II: The Role of Private Philanthropy and Government in Postwar US-Japan Intellectual Exchange

Presentation: “US-Japan Intellectual Exchange—The Role of Government and the Role of the Private Sector”

Makoto Iokibe, Professor, Kobe University; Harvard-Yenching Institute Coordinate Researcher


Makoto Saito, Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo
Mikio Kato, Executive Director, The International House of Japan, Inc.

Session III: Presentations on Preliminary Findings and Hypotheses

Presentation: “The Revitalization of Japanese Philanthropy and New Developments in the Field”

Hideko Katsumata, Managing Director and Executive Secretary, JCIE/Japan


Ken-ichiro Ohara, President, Ohara Museum of Art
Masahide Shibusawa, President, Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation

Presentation: “The Japan-Related Grant-Making Activities of US Foundations from the 1950s through the 1970s”

Jun Wada, Chief Program Officer, JCIE/Japan; Professor, Kanda University of International Studies

Presentation: “US Foundation Support for Area Studies, Japanese Studies, and American Studies”

James Gannon, Executive Director, JCIE/USA

Presentation: “Grassroots Exchange in Postwar US-Japan Relations”

Toshihiro Menju, Senior Program Officer, JCIE/Japan

Session IV: Future Research Strategy—Critical Issues Related to the Role of Philanthropy in the Postwar Era

“The Role of the State and Civil Society in International Relations”

Autonomy of private foundations in the immediate postwar period

Private foundations and the “Cultural Policy” in Japan of the Occupation Forces and US government

“National Interest” and US philanthropy

“Institutional Adjustments by US Private Foundations in Response to Changes in the Postwar US-Japan Relationship”

Priority given to Japan by US private foundations (as compared with to Europe)

How foundations explored and responded to the needs of Japan

“US Philanthropic Prioritization of the Intellectual Community and Intellectual Exchanges”

Background of the priority given to the intellectual community

Background of the priority given to area studies and library activities

Policy dialogues and mutual understanding

“Efforts to Make Efficient Use of Assistance for Institution Building, Programs, and Individuals”

Did US philanthropy have a set policy for activities in Japan?

Efforts to supplement the lack of effective grantees

Human resource development and network building

“Institutional Judgement and the Judgement of Professionals in Priority Setting and Grant Making Strategy”

The roles of board members, senior staff, program officers and field officers

Methods of gathering professional information on the bilateral relationship and Japanese society

“The Role of Philanthropy in Postwar US-Japan Relations”

Significance for the present and the future

Implications for the future international relationship

Concluding Session

Tomohiro Aoki, The Toyota Foundation

Junichi Chano, Director, First Project Operation Division, The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership

Hiroaki Fujii, President, The Japan Foundation

Yujiro Hayashi, Chairman, Japan Philanthropic Association

Yumiko Himemoto, Program Officer, The Toyota Foundation

Andrew Horvat, Japan Representative, The Asia Foundation

Hisayoshi Ina, Columnist and Editorial Writer, The NIKKEI Newspaper

Takashi Ishida, Director, The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership, New York

Hiroshi Ishii, Managing Director, Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation

Motoo Kaji, Chairman, The International House of Japan, Inc.

Norio Kanie, Managing Director, The Toyota Foundation

Mikio Kato, Executive Director, The International House of Japan

Kiyoshi Kehara, East West Seminar

Junetsu Komatsu, Managing Director, The Japan Foundation Asia Center

Masaki Kusumi, Senior Program Officer, The Toyota Foundation

Ellen Mashiko, Executive Director, The Tokyo Foundation

Hiroshi Matsumoto, Senior Executive Director, The International House of Japan

Kazuo Ogura, Former Ambassador to France

Ken’ichiro Ohara, President, Ohara Museum of Art

Miyuki Ohno, MRA House

Tatsuo Ohta, President, The Japan Association of Charitable Organizations

Makoto Saito, Professor Emeritus, Tokyo University

Masahide Shibusawa, President, Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation

Masayuki Tadokoro, Professor, Keio University

Takeo Takuma, Vice President, U.S.-Japan Foundation

Hisako Tsuzuki, Cultural and Programming Office, Public Affairs Section, American Embassy

Masaya Usuda, Deputy Executive Director, The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership

Taizo Yakushiji, Professor, Keio University; Vice President and Executive Research Director, Institute for International Policy Studies (IIPS)

Research team

Tadashi Yamamoto, President, JCIE/Japan (Research Director)

Makoto Iokibe, Professor, Kobe University; Harvard-Yenching Institute Coordinate Researcher

Hideko Katsumata, Managing Director and Executive Secretary, JCIE/Japan

Jun Wada, Chief Program Officer, JCIE/Japan; Professor and Director of the Intercultural Communication Institute, Kanda University of International Studies

Toshihiro Menju, Senior Program Officer, JCIE/Japan

James Gannon, Executive Director, JCIE/USA

Seiko Ihara, Assistant Program Officer, JCIE/Japan